The Effects of Grazing on Alpine Tundra: Intercontinental Comparison of the Rocky Mountains (Colorado, U.S.A.) and the Tatras (Slovakia, Europe)

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The Effects of Grazing on Alpine Tundra: Intercontinental Comparison of the Rocky Mountains (Colorado, U.S.A.) and the Tatras (Slovakia, Europe)
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    National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior Rocky Mountain National Park Continental Divide Research Learning Center 2015 Rocky Mountain National Park Research Conference  Honoring the past, celebrating the present, and inspiring  the future.  Rocky Mountain National Park 2015 Research Conference February 24, 2015 EXPERIENCE YOUR AMERICA   Welcome to Rocky Mountain National Parks’ 7 th  Research Conference. The world has become smaller. Issues of resource protection that once could be addressed within or near our National Park Service boundaries now extend across landscapes, oceans and continents. The ever-increasing human footprint is shrinking habitats and species that once dominated landscapes. Like most change, it is often subtle to our daily experience; but the scientific evidence is clear – we are on the brink of a sixth extinction. It is now  possible, more than ever, that protected areas may lose species before we can even identify them. Foundational to finding a way forward is the ability of a protected area to connect from local to global scales of conservation. For a park to best protect those species and systems it is mandated to, it has to work at scales appropriate to its conservation – such as airsheds, watersheds, ecosystems, wildlife corridors, metapopulations, species ranges, and migratory pathways. Obvious to the solution, but not often addressed with rigor, is the fact that success in the biosphere is dependent upon our   success with our   ethnosphere. This fact should give us pause to understand better our environmental history, the diversity of cultures that once engaged this landscape, as well as those that do today. Simply, there lies much opportunity ahead of us. And as we look towards the future, there also remains hope! This hope is born out of a past with numerous success stories where we have learned from history, recovered species, included a diversity of cultures, cleaned airsheds, rivers and waterways. But the tools we used in the past will not ensure a successful future; we must approach the future of park  protection boldly, with inclusiveness, new ideas, and with a renewed connectivity to communities of support for the very  place we all cherish. Each and every year, for hundreds if not thousands of years before this wonderful park was established, people have come to experience its riches and for many, re-create themselves. I invite each of you to explore the ideas presented these two days and challenge yourself to engage! - engage in dialog, in science, in reflection, in diplomacy, in learning… transformation and action, towards a future for Rocky Mountain National Park that generations to come will celebrate. --Ben Bobowski, Ph. D., Chief of resource Stewardship , Rocky Mountain National Park    We are pleased to announce our second research conference to undertake a Reduced Waste Initiative. Join us in making this effort a success by bringing a coffee mug and water bottle from home and using the recycling and compost bins throughout the building. By reducing waste, we uphold the National Park Service’s mission to preserve unimpaired natural and cultural resources for the enjoyment, education, and inspiration of this and future generations. The observations and opinions expressed in these research presentations are those of the respective researchers and presented and should not be interpreted as representing the official vies of Rocky Mountain National park or the National Park Service.   We would like to thank the Rocky Mountain Conservancy for supporting the 2015 Research Conference  Rocky Mountain National Park 2015 Research Conference February 24, 2015 EXPERIENCE YOUR AMERICA   2015 Research Conference Rocky Mountain National Park Estes Park Municipal Building, 170 MacGregor Ave, Estes Park, CO 80517   Wednesday, March 4 th  Morning 8:00 – 8:20 AM Coffee and Mixer Room A: Welcome / Citizen Science, Science Literacy, and Youth Engagement 8:20 – 8:40 AM Conference Introduction and Awards Presentation 8:40 – 9:10 AM Mark Fiege Keynote Address:  Thinking like a planet: “The Long Now” and the changing role of science and history in the National Parks 9:20 – 9:40 AM Dan Cribby Plains to the Park: Integrating STEM initiatives into national parks 9:40 – 10:00 AM Mattie Horn & Kristi Lee Rocky Mountain National Park and Santa Elena Cloud Forest Reserve student scientific and cultural exchange 10:00 – 10:20 AM Break 10:20 – 10:40 AM Tena Engelman Hummingbird survey, 2003-2012, Rocky Mountain National Park 10:40 – 11:00 AM Chris Ray Projecting futures for the American pika, a climate indicator species, in Rocky Mountain National Park 11:00 AM – 12:00 PM Conversation Café ** 12:00 – 1:15 PM Lunch Room B: Current Management Issues 9:20 – 9:40 AM Kristen Kaczynski Recovery of riparian vegetation in Moraine Park after the Fern Lake fire 9:40 – 10:00 AM Mark Schutte Geomorphic response of Fall River to the 2013 flood 10:00 – 10:20 AM Break 10:20 – 10:40 AM David Pettebone Trail use in Rocky Mountain National Park 10:40– 11:00 AM Rebecca Urquhart No park is an island – community collaboration 11:00 AM – 12:00 PM Conversation Café *** 12:00 PM – 1:15 PM Lunch ** The Conversation Cafe is a structured discussion time in which conference attendees rotate, at 20-minute intervals, among tables at which a specific topic is discussed. Please join us in a thoughtful discussion of Rocky’s hot topics.  Rocky Mountain National Park 2015 Research Conference February 24, 2015 EXPERIENCE YOUR AMERICA   Wednesday, March 4 th  Afternoon Room A: Climate Change 1:20 – 1:40 PM Aaron Piña Prediction system for nitrogen deposition in Rocky Mountain National Park 1:40 – 2:00 PM Glenn Patterson Trends in accumulation and melt of seasonal snow in Rocky Mountain National Park 2:00 – 2:20 PM Jason Sibold Stability of spruce-fir forests in the Loch Vale watershed, Rocky Mountain National Park, USA 2:20 – 2:40 PM Timothy Fegel Biogeochemical signatures of alpine glacial and periglacial features throughout the American west Room B: Aquatic Sciences 1:20 – 1:40 PM Ellen Wohl The brief, tumultuous life of logjams in Rocky Mountain National Park 1:40 – 2:00 PM Michael Venarsky Western mountain streams past and present: the influence of forest stand age and logjam density on aquatic community structure 2:00 – 2:20 PM Joshua Stepanek Preliminary observations on the diatom ( Bacillariophyta ) flora of Rocky Mountain National Park: Summary of genera present and reports of new and interesting species 2:20 – 2:40 PM Adam Herdrich Effects of large woody debris and log jams on eastern slope rocky mountain trout populations 2:40 – 3:00 PM Break Room A: Visitor Use and Wilderness 3:00 – 3:20 PM Jamie Krzeminski Transportation and management strategies to reduce congestion in the Bear Lake Road corridor, Rocky Mountain National Park, USA 3:20 – 3:40 PM Jeremy Schultz Crowding among winter recreationists in Rocky Mountain National Park 3:40 – 4:00 PM Colin Leslie Measuring and monitoring wilderness character in Rocky Mountain National Park 4:00 – 4:20 PM Ben Lawhon Influences on future leave no trace behavior in national parks Room B: Disturbance 3:00 – 3:20 PM Jean Fleming The effects of bark beetle-fire disturbance interactions on post-disturbance forest regeneration 3:20 – 3:40 PM Gregory Pappas Understory vegetation response to mountain pine beetle-induced lodgepole pine mortality in Rocky Mountain National Park 3:40 – 4:00 PM Ben Gannon Montane forest structure and fire history, Colorado Front Range, USA 4:00 – 4:20 PM Lindsay Ringer Soil amendment application after road construction alters resource availability and can benefit native over non-native species  Rocky Mountain National Park 2015 Research Conference February 24, 2015 EXPERIENCE YOUR AMERICA   Thursday, March 5 th  Morning Room A: Wildlife 8:40 – 9:00 AM Alison Ketz  Abundance estimation of elk in the Estes Valley, Colorado using a Lincoln-Petersen estimator with multiple data sources 9:00 – 9:20 AM Dane Vanhoozer The democracy of nature: culling American identity 9:20 – 9:40 AM Jeffrey Christiansen Application of mouse models to investigate chronic wasting disease 9:40 – 10:00 AM Aimee Ortega Prions in plants: assaying grasses from rocky mountain national park for PrP CWD   Room B: Vegetation 8:40 – 9:00 AM Christa Sumner Perceptions of bark beetle affected forests, Rocky Mountain National Park 9:00 – 9:20 AM Anna Schoettle Proposed limber pine conservation plan for Rocky Mountain National Park 9:20 – 9:40 AM Scott Franklin Forty-years of change in Aspen forests, Rocky Mountain National Park, USA 9:40 – 10:00 AM Chris Davis Managing cheatgrass with Imazapic in Rocky Mountain National Park: Lessons learned from a six year study 10:00 – 11:00 AM Poster Session Room A: Birds 11:00 – 11:20 AM Shelley Spear Factors influencing avian populations and habitat use in the alpine region of Rocky Mountain National Park, USA 11:20 – 11:40 AM Kathryn Langin How distinct is Rocky Mountain National Park’s white- tailed ptarmigan population? Insights from a genetic analysis of park birds and beyond 11:40 – 12:00 PM Jason Beason Bird migration research at Rocky Mountain National Park Room B: Historic Perspectives 11:00 – 11:20 AM Joshua Johnson Understanding our spectacular mountain landscapes: A helium thermochronology study in Rocky Mountain National Park 11:20 – 11:40 AM Mitchell Schaefer To not impede nature: The transition from rustic to modern architecture in the national parks as represented by twenty structures at Rocky Mountain National Park, 1929–1962 11:40 – 12:00 PM Jaci Wells The McGraw conundrum: Preserving nature and culture in a historic landscape 12:00 – 1:15 PM Lunch
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