Mtoto. Children's rights in the post-colonial world

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Nelson Mandela said that “there can be no keener revelation of a society's soul than the way in which it treats its children”, and there is no denying to his statement, but to be able to treat them properly one needs to understand the reality in
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  Authors: Kosowski Łukasz Title: M TOTO . C HILDREN ' S   RIGHTS   IN   THE   POST - COLONIAL   WORLD   (Moo. P!awa "zi#$ka w %osko&oia&) *wi#$i#+  Source: T,# Ho!izos o E"u$aio  Keywords: CHILDREN'S RIGHTS H/MAN RIGHTS POSTCOLONIAL THEOR0 AND HISTOR0 (%!awa "zi#$ka %!awa $z1owi#ka #o!ia i ,iso!ia  %osko&oia&iz)u+ Discipline: INTERDISCIPLINAR0 (C/LT/RAL ST/DIES POLITICAL SCIENCE ED/CATION HISTOR0+ Language: ENGLISH Document type: ARTICLE Publication order reference: Lukasz Kosowski 2a3i#&&oia /i4#!si D#%a!)# o Hiso! u&. Go&#5ia 67 76-889 K!akow #&. 6: ;;7 6< =;. Address for correspondence:  u&. 2. Ki&iski#3o 6> 7:-=>8 ?a!ki wo@. )a&o%o&ski# Po&a" #& < ;8; 7;= 99<.  E-mail: &.kosowskiB3)ai&.$o) Abstract:  N#&so Ma"#&a sai" ,a ,#!# $a 5# o k###! !#4#&aio o a so$i#'s sou& ,a ,# wa i w,i$, i!#as is children”, and there is no denying to his statement, but to be able to treat them properly one needs tounderstand the reality in which we are living. And it is a world build upon centuries of inequality and discrimination.Thus there is a distinctive correlation between contemporary society and postcolonial heritage as the tension betweenthe West and the East – or lobal !orth and lobal "outh – is influencing daily lives of every person, especially thosemost vulnerable# women and children. After e$amining the meaning of %postcolonialism” in the relation to the historyof coloni&ation t  ,# a!i$&# ou$,#s ,# su5@#$ o ,u)a !i3,s i 3##!a& a" $,i&"!#'s !i3,s i %a!i$u&a! !o) ai#!"is$i%&ia! %#!s%#$i4# a" "is$uss#s ,# ##" o u"#!sa"i3 ,# "i4#!si a" !#i4#i3 i#!aioa&"ia&o3u# i #!)s o #"u$aio o ou, o! susaia5i&i. Strescenie:  N#&so Ma"#&a %owi#"zia1 # i# )o# 5 5a!"zi#@ a!&iw#3o o5@awi#ia "usz s%o1#$z#Fswa i %o%!z#z o @ak !aku@# swo@# d&ieci  i i# )a @ak za%!z#$z ) s1owo) @#"ak# 5 )$ !akowa @# %!awi"1owoa@%i#!w a&# z!ozu)i# !z#$zwiso* w k!#@ si @#. A @#s o *wia z5u"owa a wi#ka$, i#!wo*$i i"sk!)ia$@i. T) sa)) isi#@# w!aJa ko!#&a$@a )i"z ws%1$z#s) s%o1#$z#Fsw#) a %osko&oia& s%u*$iz @ak )oa zauwa *&#"z$ a%i$ia )i"z Ws$,o"#) a ?a$,o"#)  G&o5a&) Po1u"i#) a G&o5a& P1o$ k!# w%1wa@ a $o"zi## $i# ka"#@ oso5 zw1asz$za $, a@w!a&iwsz$, ko5i# i "zi#$i. Poz5a"aiu za$z#ia %osko&oia&iz)u w !#&a$@i "o ,iso!ii ko&oiza$@i a!ku1 "oka #)au %!aw $z1owi#kasz$z#3&i# %!aw "zi#$ka z %#!s%#kw i#!"s$%&ia!#@ o!az o)awia %o!z#5 z!ozu)i#ia !o!o"o*$i i %oow#3o za%!o@#kowaia )i"za!o"ow#3o "ia&o3u %o" k#) #"uka$@i )1o"$, "&a "o5!a %!zsz1o*$i. Author!s bio: Łukasz Kosowski is a !##&a$# w!i#! a" #"u$ao! P,D $a"i"a# a" &#$u!#! a ,# 2a3i#&&oia/i4#!si K!akow. H# #a$,#s a5ou A)#!i$a o!#i3 %o&i$ i ,# , $#u! a" sou!$#s o kow&#"3#. Hisa!i$&#s w#!# %u5&is,#" 5o, i Po&is, a" E3&is, 5 a)o3 o,#!s C#!u) Su"iw Po&ska-Az@a a" 0ou, Ti)#Ma3azi#. His s$i#ii$ i#!#ss a!# o$us#" o ,u)a !i3,s i#!$u&u!a& "ia&o3u# #"u$aio a" o!3aiz#" $!i)#.  M TOTO 6 . C HILDREN ' S   RIGHTS   IN   THE   POST - COLONIAL   WORLD  5 Lukasz Kosowski W,# I was = #a!s o&" ) )o,#! a&was o&" )# ,a ,a%%i#ss was ,# k# o &i#. W,# I w# o s$,oo& ,# ask#" )# w,a I wa#" o 5# w,# I 3!#w u%. I w!o# "ow ,a%%. T,# o&" )# I "i" u"#!sa" ,# assi3)# a" I o&" ,#) ,# "i" u"#!sa" &i#.Q 2o, L#o "ntroduction A!i$a %!o4#!5 sas ,a it ta'es a village to raise a child  (  a" i is 4#! !u# si$# #4#! #&#)#o ,# su!!ou"i3 i&u#$#s a" !#&#$s o ,# "#4#&o%)# o #a$, %#!so. E4i!o)# is %&ai3 i$!#"i5& i)%o!a !o&# a" is s!u$u!# "#i#s o#'s i"#i. Co))o kow&#"3#$o#)%o!a! wo!&" #&&s us ,a w# &i4# i a 3&o5a& 4i&&a3#. W#s#! sa"a!"s #a$, us a5ouui a5ou #ua&i a" !##"o)s 5u "o#s ,a ,a4i3 !oos i a "a!k %as o i)%#!ia&is).G!ow o su$, a #!i&iz#! ou! 4i&&a3# ,as a "ii$u& %a, i !o wi, ou3-o#s 5#i3 !ais#",a4i3 %ossi5i&ii#s ua4ai&a5&# o %!#4ious 3##!aios. Ki"s owa"as a$# ,# ##" o i"i3i"#i i ,# wo!&" o 3&o5a& %os$o&oia& )o5i&i a" )u&i$u&u!a&is) a !#a&iw,i$, is !a!#& u"#!soo" 5 ,#i! %a!#s. T,us s!o3#! %!o#$io o ,#i! !i3,s s##)s o 5#ua4oi"a5&# #4o&uio o ,# so$i# o! ou! 4i&&a3# o 5# !#a" o! ,#i! %!o%#! u%5!i3i3.A$$o!"i3 o La$aia %s$,oaa&sis ,# $,i&" &#a!s o s## is#& as "isi$ !o) ,# !#s o ,# 6 mtoto  )#as a $,i&" i Sua,i&i.: This and other African proverbs used in the te$t are ta'en from# http#))afritorial.com)the*best*+(*african*wise* proverbs).  wo!&" 5 !#3a!"i3 is ow )i!!o! i)a3# 5u 5#$o)#s a u&& su5@#$ o& w,# i ##!s ,# wo!&"o &a3ua3# 7 . A" 5o, &a3ua3# a" $u&u!# sa" 5#,i" ,# o!i3is o %os$o&oia& a" o!i#a&,#o!i#s < . T,os#  as s$i#ii$ #!)s  sa!#" o 5# o!3#" i ,# 6>=8s. A ,!#s,o&" was )a!k#" 5 a i#!aioa& $o#!#$# i a"u3. I ,# i)#s a#! Wo!&" Wa!s a 5i%o&a! !#a&i o a#w $o&" $o&i$ !#%!#s#ai4#s o :> $ou!i#s o A!i$a a" Asia ,a4# )# i A%!i& 6>== o si"is$uss a" "#si3 5o, %o&ii$a& a" #$oo)i$a& %&a$# o! ,#)s#&4#s. T,a )##i3 ,a" 5## au!i3 %oi o! ,#i! o!#i3 %o&i$i#s a" !#&aios wi, 3##!a&& ,# W#s =  a" )o!#s%#$ii$a&& o!)#! $o&oiz#!s. 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T,# $,i&" is a i)%o!a!o%# i !#%!#s#aios o &a3ua3# a" i"i3##i 5#$aus# ,#s# a!# so i!)& !a4#!s#" 5$o$#%ua& 5ou"a!i#s w,i$, i $,i&"!# a!# # o 5# u&& #sa5&is,#"  . To u"#!sa" w,a%os$o&oia&is) !#a&& is i is $!u$ia& o u"#!sa" w,a is $o&oia&is) wi, a "is$ussio o ,# &#3a$ o $o&oia& #%#!i#$# a" ai-$o&oia& ,ou3, > . #olonialism$ postcolonialism and the human rights T,# si)%&#s "#iiio o $o&oia&is) #&&s ,a i is a )#$,ais) o $o!o& w,i$, !#ui!#s ,# 7Loo)5a A. olonialism*postcolonialism  Rou&#"3# Lo"o 6>> %. 79.<Wi, E"wa!" Sai" as ,# o!#!u#! wi, ,is -rientalism  (P#3ui Lo" 6>99+.=T#!) !#%!#s#s ,#!# A3&o-Sao $ou!i#s (Aus!a&ia Caa"a N#w ?#a&a" ,# /i#" Ki3"o) a" ,# /i#" Sa#s+ a" W#s#! Eu!o%#.; No-A&i3#" Mo4#)# (NAM+ is a $oa&iio o sa#s w,i$, a!# o a&i3#" i a o!)a& wa wi, o! a3ais )a@o! %ow#! 5&o$s. Si$# :86: i ,as 6:8 )#)5#!s. S## ,%UUwww.a).3o4.zaU .9S## Mu&aa 0. The /00 1andung onference and its present significance  T,# 2aka!a Pos %u5&is,#" o-&i# :> A%!i& :866 !#!i#4#" 8=.86.:867 (,%UUwww.,#@aka!a%os.$o)U#wsU:866U8<U:>U,#-6>==-5a"u3-$o#!#$#-a"-is-%!#s#-si3ii$a$#.,)&+.As,$!o . -n 2ost*olonial 3utures# transformations of a olonial ulture  Coiuu) Lo"o :886 %. =<.>Ma@u)"a! R.  2ostcolonialism, 4ecoloni&ation and lobali&ation  &oo)s5u! Pu5&is,i3 !#!i#4#" :;.86.:867 (,%UUwww.5&oo)s5u!a$a"#)i$.$o)U4i#wUW!ii3Pos$o&oia&Hiso!V>96<>;;7:>U$,a%#!-5a->96<>;;7:>-$,a%#!-886.)&%!i+.  a$ o su5)ii3 o# %#o%&# o ,# %ow#! o ao,#!. Is $&a!i is $&ou"#" 5 !#u# #uai3wi, i)%#!ia&is) w,i$, i u! !#&a#s o a&so o %o&ii$a& a" #$oo)i$a& )as#! o4#! "#%#"# #!!io! 68 . 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Diaa !"ow!i#s o ,#! 5&o3 Pos$o&oia& su"i#s o#!s a w#a&, o "#ai&#" so!i#s o %as a" o3oi3 i@usi$#s i$&u"i3 so)# asso$ia#" wi,,u)aia!ia )issios o i#!4#io a iui! io ,# $,a&&#3#s o )#)o!ia&izaio a" a !#)i"#! o ,# was iw,i$, )#)o! $a 5# i#" o o!3#i3 so)# 4a&ua5&# $!iiu#s o $u!!# ,u)a !i3,s "is$ou!s#s a" %!a$i$#s so)#$auios a5ou %o#ia& %ia&&s a" so)# ,iki3 a5ou a&#!ai4# a%%!oa$,#s o i)a3ii3 a @usi$# ,a is # o$o)# 6: . Yu!,#!)o!# !"o %ois ou ,a ,# ,iso! o %os$o&oia&is) )i3, 5# s## as %a!a&&#& o ,# 68S## Ko, M. olonialism  Sao!" E$$&o%#"ia o P,i&oso%, i!s o-&i# %u5&i$aio 8> Ma :88; !#!i#4#" 8;.86.:86< (,%UU%&ao.sao!".#"uU#!i#sU$o&oia&is)U+.66T,is a$ was i$#& su))#!iz#" 5 Y!az Yao i ,is  1lac' "'in, White 5as's#  The colonized is elevated above his jungle status in proportion to his adoption of the mother country's cultural standards    (Zuo# 4ia ,%UUwww.3oo"!#a"s.$o)Uwo!kUuo#sU><>87;-%#au-oi!#-)asu#s-5&a$s.+6:!"o D.  2ostcolonial and lobal Approaches to 6uman 7ights  i 'G&o5a&izaio a" Cu&u!a& Su"i#s &o3'  %os#" 8>.86.:86: !#!i#4#" 8>.86.:86< (,%UU"iaa5!"o.$o)U:86:U86U8>U%os$o&oia&-a"-3&o5a&-a%%!oa$,#s-o-,u)a-!i3,sU+.
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