Jessica BishopRESEARCHPAPERdraft1 | Social Networking Service | Privacy

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Bishop1 Jessica Bishop Dr. Wilson English 1101 March 28, 2012 A Look At the Dark Side of Social-Networking; How Facebook Negatively Affects College Youth and How Using it dangerous. Social-Networking has become one of the main sources of communication for the majority of individuals living in the twenty-first century. With email, instant messaging, photo sharing, and video chatting the ability to communicate has become instant. These advances in technology have changed interpersonal communicatio
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  Bishop1Jessica BishopDr. WilsonEnglish 1101March 28, 2012A Look At the Dark Side of Social-Networking; How Facebook Negatively Affects CollegeYouth and How Using it dangerous.Social-Networking has become one of the main sources of communication for themajority of individuals living in the twenty-first century. With email, instant messaging, photosharing, and video chatting the ability to communicate has become instant. These advances intechnology have changed interpersonal communication and the manner in which peoplesocialize. Once information has been posted or shared online, it can be impossible to retract itand even easier to find for others. This goes for personal information as well. For the vastmajority of us, our experience with online social-networking is uneventful. A few commentsposted here or there, maybe an album of our recent vacation photos, nothing too personal. In thegroup of college youth in particular, social-networking sites such as Facebook, have almostbecome common phrase and common place. Everyone who is anyone seems to be connectingthrough this social-network that was designed srcinally for this particular group of individuals..But now everyone can gain access to this social-networking site. Literally individuals throughthis online technology can be interconnected worldwide. While individuals are no longergeographically bound in their communication and socialization, these new freedoms bring newdangers, with a hazardous downside.It all begins with choosing to sign up. A new Facebook member is as ked to fill out forms with some basic information such as name, gender, hometown and/or location, birthday,  Bishop2religion, ethnicity, some personal interests, contact information and an „about me‟ section. A profile photo is also encouraged to be uploaded. Though no one is really forced to join, or revealpersonal information, with the growing movement of majority online communication, collegestudents can fall prey to over shar ing personal information. “According to researchers (Acqu isti and Gross 2006; Gross and Acquisti2005), an individual‟s privacy concerns are only a weak  predictor of his/her membership in an SNS. In their studies, they showed that individualsconcerned about privacy nevertheless join SNSs and reveal great amounts of personal information.” (Aysu Arsoy, et al. )( SNS stands for Social Networking Site). This study wasconducted on college students confirmed that regardless of knowing the risks to personalprivacy, students still became members. So is a lack of knowledge on privacy the issue?The answer is no! In a study of students from a freshmen class, Stutzmann (2005) found that out of 88% of freshmen who had an active Facebook profile, only 1–  3% of them used  privacy flags. Moreover, over time, the privacy use droppe d from 3% to 1%. In an analysis of how much and which type of information freshmen are sharing with their fellow students,Stutzmann (2006b) discovered that 75% of the student sample revealed their birthday,hometown, sexual orientation, relationship status and political orientation. (Aysu Arsoy, et al.)Keeping this information in mind, if we can see this information, so can potential predators.College students are particularly vulnerable to over sharing because of their new adult freedomcombined with very minimal real life experience in general. Without a parent to monitor whatthey are posting and/or sharing, young adult college students can fall victim to many predatorand/or scammers. Identity theft could also become an issue.Aside from just the security threat of providing too much personal information, another  big problem is real life social identity being overly influenced by an individual‟s cyber identity.  Bishop3In a journal article on the contingencies of self-worth and social-networking-site behavior itstates “Social -networking sites like Facebook enable people to share a range of personalinformation with expansive groups of „„friends.‟‟ With the growing popularity of media sharing online, many questions remain regarding antecedent conditions for this behavior. Contingenciesof self-worth afford a more nuanced approach to variable traits that affect self-esteem, and mayhelp explain online behavior. ”(Stefanone, Lackaff & Rosen) Although media and networkingsites were created to facilitate better communication, social networks are ruining the publiccommunication skills of college students in America. According to Northern MichiganUniversity, college students who used Facebook while studying, even just having it in thebackground, earned grades 20 percent lower on average than non-users in 2010.( Puglisi)Social networking sites are designed to allow college students to maintain bonds withfamily and friends often separated by distance. However, it has become a detour for collegestudents to avoid personal contact with professors and campus peers, which is a key for success.Reliance on social media has decreased the relationships formed between students and theirprofessor due to the detachment of e-mail, hiding the face that matches the voice.In conclusion, I believe that social-networking sites, such as Facebook, cause students tohave stress, misunderstood emotions, and detract from the in personal social life that is needed tocontinue a healthy growth pattern into adult hood. Weighing both the pros and cons of onlineconnection, proof has been presented that not only does use cause lower grades than that of anindividual who does not use, it also detracts from the personal connection that a college studentneeds with his fellow peers while also placing their personal identity at risk.  Bishop4Works CitedAuer, Matthew R. The Policy Sciences of Social Media. Policy Studies Journal 38.4 (2011):709-36.  Academic Search Complete . Web. 12 Mar. 2012.Social-Networking-Site Behavior. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking (2009):100722182519069.  Academic Search Complete [EBSCO] . Web. 12 Mar. 2012. Disclosure of Personal and Contact Information by Young People in Social Networking Sites:An Analysis Using Faceboo k™ Profiles as an Example.  International Journal of Mediaand Cultural Politics 6.1 (2010): 81-101.  Academic Search Complete . Web. 12 Mar.2012.Puglisi, Megan. Social Networking Hurts the Communication Skills of College Students. The Daily Athenaeum . The Daily Anthenaeum, 13 Oct. 2010. Web. 28 Mar. 2012.<http://www.thedaonline.com/opinion/social-networking-hurts-the-communication-skills-of-college-students-1.1689315>.West, Anne, Jane Lewis, and Peter Currie. Students' Facebook 'friends': Public and PrivateSpheres.  Journal of Youth Studies 12.6 (2009): 615-27.  Academic Search Complete .Web. 12 Mar. 2012.
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