IMPROVING THE LISTENING ABILITY OF THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS OF SMP 4 KUDUS IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2013/2014 BY USINGMOVIE

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IMPROVING THE LISTENING ABILITY OF THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS OF SMP 4 KUDUS IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2013/2014 BY USINGMOVIE BY : JUNIAR DWI RAKHMAWATI ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT TEACHER TRAINING
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IMPROVING THE LISTENING ABILITY OF THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS OF SMP 4 KUDUS IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2013/2014 BY USINGMOVIE BY : JUNIAR DWI RAKHMAWATI ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION FACULTY MURIA KUDUS UNIVERSITY 2014 i ii IMPROVING THE LISTENING ABILITY OF THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS OF SMP 4 KUDUS IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2013/2014 BY USINGMOVIE SKRIPSI Presented to the University of Muria Kudus in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Completing the Sarjana Program in English Education By : Juniar Dwi Rakhmawati iii ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION FACULTY MURIA KUDUS UNIVERSITY 2014 MOTTO AND DEDICATION MOTTO: Destiny is not a matter of chance, but choice. If you want a great change, change yourself. Change is a must. DEDICATION: - To her parents - Her beloved sister, almh.sinta A.W - All of her friends in EED iv v vi ACKNOWLEDGEMENT For the very first, the writer thanks to the Almighty, King of the Universe, Allah SWT who always gives blessing, strength, and guardian, so finally the writer is able to complete this skripsi. Secondly, the writer does not forget to say Sholawat and Salam to the most glorious human in the world and hereafter, Muhammad SAW, the true hero and idol. Finishing this skripsi, the writer would like to express a great gratitude to: 1. Her beloved parents who always give her the love, pray, and support. 2. Her beloved sister, almh Sinta Amelia Wardani who has given spirit to continue her study and also her brother M.Syukur Ni am who makes her lifes cheerful. 3. Her all family 4. Dr. Slamet Utomo,M.Pd as the Dean of Teacher Training and Education Faculty who has given the guidance for this last project. 5. Diah Kurniati,S.Pd,M.Pd as the head of English Education Department, and also the first advisor who has given constructive critics and guidance in finishing this skripsi. 6. Dra. Sri Endang Kusmaryati, M.Pd as the second advisor who has given suggestion and critics in finishing this skripsi. 7. Someone who loves her and dedicates his time, pray, and care in the past and future, Abdul Muis. vii 8. The best men and woman who are kindly colouring her days, Ana princess, yu Titik, Ulum Sun Shine, Ina, Fauzi, Uyunx, Popee, Wargi (Umex and Yati) and all of her friends who gives her support in English Education Department. 9. All the lectures of English Education Departement Teacher Training and Education Faculty who have taught and educated the students well during studying in Muria Kudus University. 10. The headmaster of SMP 4 Kudus who has given permission to the writer to do the research 11. Khodlori, S.Pd as a teacher of SMP 4 Kudus who helped her during conduct this research. 12. Noor Alifah, S.Pd as an English teacher who kindly giving her time and class to conduct this research 13. All the VIII-H students of SMP 4 Kudus in academic year 2013/2014 The writer conscious that this skripsi is far from perfectness and has some weaknesses. Therefore, the writer hopes constructive criticisms and suggestions for better condition. Finally, in the name of Allah the Most Gracious and Merciful and by the deepest thanks to our God, the writer pray wallahul muwafiq ilaa aqwamith thariq, may Allah always guide us to the best way of our life in the world and hereafter. Kudus, 30 June 2014 Juniar Dwi. R viii ABSTRACT Rakhmawati, Juniar Dwi Improving the Listening Ability of the Eighth Grade Students of SMP 4 Kudus in Academic Year 2013/2014 by Using Movie. Skripsi. English Education Department, Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Muria Kudus University. Advisors : (i) Diah Kurniati, S.Pd, M.Pd, (ii) Dra. Sri Endang Kusmaryati, M.Pd. Key words: Listening ability, movie, eighth grade students of SMP 4 Kudus Everybody has learned their language since they were children, especially about their mother tongue. The process occurs naturally and properly with a view to communicate in society. Listening comprehension is so improtant because the students learn a lot of vocabulary and grammar from listening activities. Students communicate storyline of the film, whicy offers both a visual and audio depiction of dialogue and story in apotential real-life situation, using real emotions, diction, tone and slang, which can sometimes be lost in a classroom environment. The eighth grade students of SMP 4 Kudus had problem during learning process, especially in listening skill. Based on the personal conversation with the teacher, the students were still difficult to understand the meaning of the text and did not catch the words well and the score of the students were under passing grade. To solve these problem, the writer used movie as a media of teaching to improve the listening ability. Movie as a media of teaching allows the learners to access more information while listening. The students not only can listen the audio but also they can see the contains of movies. The main objective of this research is to know whether movie as a media of teaching can improve the listening ability of the eighth grade students of SMP 4 Kudus in academic year To know the improvement above, the writer also has to know about the implementation of movie and also the listening ability of the eighth grade students. The design of this research was a classroom action research. This research conducted in the classroom with the aim improving the listening ability of the eighth grade students of SMP 4 Kudus. The writer conducted two cycles and every cycle used two movies. The teacher taught the students by using movie and the writer observed the teacher and students activities in the process of teaching listening by using movie. Here, the writer used observation sheet to observe the teaching learning process and test to measure the listening ability of the eighth grade students. The data analysis shows that movie can improve the listening ability of the eighth grade students of SMP 4 Kudus. From the calculation, the average score ix from the first cycle is 70,69 with the highest score is 100 and lowest score is 40. In the second cycle there was significant improvement by the score of the students. The mean score is 90,34 with the highest score is 100 and the lowest score is 80. It means that the listening ability of the eighth grade students are improved. From the observation sheet, the writer knoes that the students looked happily and imitate the voice of movies, so the students were not bored. From the fact above, the writer suggests for the English teacher can use movie as a media of teaching not only for listening skill but also for another skill to make the difference situation in teaching learning process and solved the teacher problem during the teaching learning process. For the students, they can use movie as a learning media to make the students fun, enjoy, and raise their vocabularies. x ABSTRAK Rakhmawati, Juniar Dwi Peningkatan Kemampuan Mendengar pada Kelas Delapan Tahun Ajaran 2013/2014 Menggunakan Film. Skripsi. Program Studi: Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan. Universitas Muria Kudus. Penguji: (i) Diah Kurniati, S.Pd, M.Pd, (ii) Dra. Sri Endang Kusmaryati, M.Pd. Key words: Kemampuan mendengarkan, film, siswa kelas delapan SMP 4 Kudus Setiap orang telah belajar tentang bahasa sejak kecil, khususnya tentang bahasa ibu. Proses itu secara alami sedikit banyak mempengaruhi dalam komunikasi bermasyarakat. Pemahaman mendengar sangat penting karena para siswa belajar bantuk tentang penguasaan kata dan grammar dari aktifitas mendengarkan. Siswa-siswa berkomunikasi melalui jalan cerita sebuah film, melalui audio dan visual dan gambaran sebuah dialog dan cerita yang potensial dari kehidupan nyata, menggunakan emosi, nada dan logat yang terkadang terjadi di luar lingkungan sekolah. Siswa kelas delapan SMP 4 Kudus mempunyai masalah dalam proses belajar, khususnya dalam kemampuan mendengar. Melalui percakakapn pribadi dengan guru, para siswa masih kesulitan dalam memahami teks dan susah menangkap kata dengan baik dan nilai para siswa juga masih dibawah KKM. Untuk menyelesaikan masalah ini, penulis menggunakan film sebagai media pembelajaran untuk meningkatkan kemampuan mendengarkan. Film sebagai meida pembelajaran memberikan kesempatan kepada pelajar untuk mengakses banyak informasi sambil mendengarkan. Siswa-siswa juga tidak hanya mendengar suara tapi juga mereka bisa melihat isi dari film itu. Tujuan utama penelitian ini umtuk mengetahui apakah film sebagai media pembelajaran bisa meningkatkan kemampuan mendengar pada siswa-siswa kelas delapan SMP 4 Kudus tahun ajaran 2013/2014. Untuk mengetahui peningkatan diatas, penulis juga harus mengetahui penerapan film dan juga kemampuan mendengar siswa kelas delapan. Model penelitian ini adalah penelitian dalam kelas. Penelitian ini diadakan di dalam kelas dengan tujuan meningkatkan kemampuan mendengar siswa kelas delapan SMP 4 Kudus. Penulis mengadakan penelitian dua siklus, setiap siklus ada dua film. Guru mengajar siswa menggunakan film dan penulis mengamati kegiatan guru dan siswa dalam proses belajar mengajar dengan menggunakan film. Disini, penulis mengguanakan observation sheet untuk mengetahui prosess belajar mengajar siswa dan tes untuk mengukur kemampuan mendengar siswa kelas delapan. Analisis data menunjukkan bahwa film dapat meningkatkan kemampuan mendengarkan pada siswa kelas delapan SMP 4 Kudus. Dari perhitungan, ratarata nila dari siklus pertama adalah dengan nilai tertinggi 100 dan nilai xi terendah 40. Pada siklus kedua ada peningkatan yang signifikan dari nilai siswa. Rata-rata nilai adalah dengan nilai tertinggi 100 dan terendah 80. Ini menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan mendengar siswa meningkat. Dari observation sheet, penulis juga mengetahui bahwa siswa terlihat bahagia dan menirukan suara film jadi mereka tidak merasa bosan. Dari fakta diatas, penulis menyarankan untuk guru Bahasa Inggris bisa menggunakan film sebagai media pembelajaran bukan hanya untuk skill mendengar tapi juga pada keahlian lain untuk membuat situasti belajar mengajar yang berbeda dan memecahkan masalah guru selama prosess belajar mengajar. Untuk siswa, mereka juga bisa meggunakan film sebagai media belajar untuk membuat siswa senang, nyaman dan meningkatkan kosakata mereka. xii TABLE OF CONTENTS COVER... LOGO... TITLE... MOTTO AND DEDICATION... ADVISORS APPROVAL... EXAMINERS APPROVAL... ACKNOWLEDGMENT... ABSTRACT... ABSTRAK... TABLE OF CONTENT... LIST OF TABLES... LIST OF APPENDICES... i ii iii iv v vi vii viii x xii xiv xv CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Background Statement of the problem Objective of The Research Significance of the research Scope of the research Operational Definition... 6 CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1. Teaching English in SMP4 Kudus Curriculum of Teaching English in SMP 4 Kudus The Purpose of Teaching English Definition of Listening Types of Listening Teaching Listening in SMP xiii 2.2.3 Definition of Movie Genres of Movie Benefits of Movie Previous Research Theoritical Framework Action Hypothesis CHAPTER III METHOD OF THE RESEARCH 3.1. Setting and Characteristic Variable of The Research Research Design The Steps of Cycles in CAR (Planning, Action, Observation, and Reflection) Procedure of the research Data Analysis CHAPTER IV FINDING OF THE RESEARCH 4.1. Preliminary Study The Result of Cycle I Plan Action The Result of Observation Sheet in Cycle I The Listening Ability of the Eighth Grade Students of SMP 4 Kudus in Academic Year 2013/ Reflection Result of Second Cycle Plan Action The Result of Observation Sheet Cycle II The Listening Ability of the Eighth Grade Students xiv CHAPTER V DISCUSSION 5.1. The Implementation of Movie to Improve the Listening Ability the Listening Abiltiy of the Eighth Grade Students CHAPTER VI CONCLUSSION AND SUGGESTION 6.1. Conclussion Suggestion BIBLIOGRAPHY APPENDICES STATEMENT CURRICULUM VITAE xv LIST TABLES Table Table 2.4 Table 3.5 Table Table Table Table Table Table Theoretical Framework of The Research: the Previous Condition and Expected Condition of the Eighth Grade Students... Categorizing Score According to Arikunto (1992:25)... Observation Sheet in Cycle 1... The Test Score of Listening Ability of the Eighth Grade Students of SMP 4 Kudus in Academic Year 2013/2014 in cycle 1... Criteria of Scoring for Listening Ability Observation Sheet in Cycle 2... The Test Score of Listening Ability (Narrative) The Criteria of the Students Achievement... Page xvi LIST OF FIGURE Figure Figure 3.1 Action Research of Cycles by Kolb (1984)... Page 23 xvii LIST OF APPENDICES Appendix Page 1 Lesson Plan Teaching Listening of the Eighth Grade Students of SMP 4 Kudus by Using Movie in Cycle I Lesson Plan Teaching Listening of the Eighth Grade Students of SMP 4 Kudus in Cycle II The Name of the VIII H Class Students of SMP N 4 Kudus in the Academic Year 2013/ The Test Score of the VIII H Class Students of SMP 4 Kudus by Using Movie in Cycle I The Test Score of the VIII H Students of SMP 4 Kudus in Cycle II The Calculation of Mean and Percentage of the Test Score Measuing the Listening Ability by Using Movie xviii
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