Gentrification and the Arts in San Francisco and Oakland

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 11
26 views
PDF
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Document Description
Gentrification and the Arts in San Francisco and Oakland
Document Share
Document Tags
Document Transcript
   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    F '/% 9(,+')+%1 '/,' =)>% )' ?%,&)&=\ )' )1 , 1'-(I -* =CI1 )& .)1',&' K-,(.(--?1 .%>-C()&= '/% .%&)[%&1 -* '/% &%)=/K-(/--.P HC' )1 )' '(C%@ 4& -&% 6%>%6A -* +-C(1% )' )1P M/)1 1'-(I 1?,+51 -* '(C'/ '- ?,&I -* C1 O/- /,>% 1%%& 1C+/ '(,&1*-(?,')-&1 )& -C( 6)*%')?%1P Q& T%O ]-(5A '/%(% O,1 '/% ;-O%( ^,1' 2).%A '/%& 2-_-A &-O </%61%,A _,(6%?A U%. _--5A %'+P Q& 8,()1A '/% `)a?% ,&. W)a?%A '/%& '/% "V)a?% ,&. FG)a?%P Q& 2,& 3(,&+)1+-A T-('/ H%,+/A 2-b0 ,&.A ?-1' (%+%&'6IA '/% b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bI 9-1)')-& )1 '/,' &- C&)>%(1,6 ?%'/-. -( '/%-(I +,& +,9'C(% '/% +-?96%N)')%1 )& %,+/ +,1%A 1- Q 9(-9-1% )&1'%,. '- 6--5 ,' '/% (%6,')-&1/)9 K%'O%%& '/% ,('1 ,&. =%&'()*)+,')-& )& , *%O &%)=/K-(/--.1 6-+,6 '- ?%A '/,' ,(% ,' >,()-C1 1',=%1 -* .%>%6-9?%&'A )&+6C.)&= '/% b)11)-& &%)=/K-(/--. )& 2,& 3(,&+)1+-A ,&. '/% L9'-O& ,&. :%1' 4,56,&. &%)=/K-(/--.1 )& 4,56,&.P HI %N,?)&)&= &%O 1-C(+%1A 1C+/ ,1 KC)6.)&= 9%(?)' (%+-(.1A +)'I 96,&&)&= /%,()&=1A ,&. '/% =(-O'/ -*    c +-??C&)'I ,('1 +-66%+')>%1A Q /-9% '- )&'(-.C+% &%O .I&,?)+1 '- '/% -&=-)&= +-&>%(1,')-& -& =%&'()*)+,')-&P 06?-1' , =%&%(,')-& ,=-A 2?)'/ ,&. JC5)& ,(')+6C,6'%. 1-?% -* '/% +%&'(,6 ).%,1 ,K-C' =%&'()*)+,')-& ,&. '/% ,('1 '/,' ,(% 1')66 ,' '/% +-(% -* '/% .%K,'%P JC5)& '/% 1-+)-6-=)1' ,&. 2?)'/ '/% =%-=(,9/%( K-'/ *-66-O%. '/% &%-Eb,(N)1' ,99(-,+/ '- '/% '-9)+ -* =%&'()*)+,')-& KI *-+C1)&= -& %+-&-?)+ (%1'(C+'C()&=A 6--5)&= ,' +-&+%9'1 1C+/ ,1 '/% (%&' =,9A .)1)&>%1'?%&'d(%)&>%1'?%&'A C(K,& .%+,IA ,&. +6,11 ).%&')*)+,')-& ,?-&= (%&'%(1 ,&. -O&%(1 Y1-+),6 .)**%(%&'),')-&ZP 2?)'/ %?96-I1 '/% )?,=%(I -* '/% *(-&')%( 9,(,.-N)+,66I 'C(&%. )&O,(. )& 6,'%E'O%&')%'/E+%&'C(I 0?%()+,& +)')%1P 0(-C&. "VVGA /% O(-'%e #Q&1-*,( ,1 =%&'()*)+,')-& )&*%+'1 O-(5)&=E+6,11 +-??C&)')%1A .)196,+%1 9--( /-C1%/-6.1A ,&. +-&>%('1 O/-6% &%)=/K-(/--.1 )&'- K-C(=%-)1 %&+6,>%1A '/% *(-&')%( ).%-6-=I (,')-&,6)[%1 1-+),6 .)**%(%&'),')-& ,&. %N+6C1)-& ,1 &,'C(,6A )&%>)',K6%P7 Y2?)'/A "VV`A "WZP JC5)& 1C?1 C9 O/,' '/)1 9(-+%11 ?%,&1 *-( ,(')1'1 O/- /,>% #9)-&%%(%.7 )& .%+,I)&= C(K,& &%)=/K-(/--.1 )& -(.%( '- *)&. (%&'1 +/%,9 %&-C=/ '- 1C99-(' '/%)( 6)>%1 -* )&*-(?,6 6,K-(e :)'/ 1-?% 9,(,.-N)+,6 (%1C6'1A 1C99-(' *-( =%&'()*)+,')-& ,61- +/,&&%61 1C99-(' '- 9(-.C+%(1 -* +C6'C(,6 =--.1 ,&. 1%(>)+%1 O/- 1%%5 /-C1)&= )& +%&'(,6E+)'I ,(%,1P Q& '/% 1/-(' (C&A 9(-N)?)'I '- ?,(5%'1 *-( '/%)( 1%(>)+%1 %,1%1 '/%)( )&1%(')-& )&'- '/% C(K,& %+-&-?IP Q& '/% 6-&= (C&A /-O%>%(A '/%)( +-&'()KC')-& '- '/% .-O&'-O&f1 +C6'C(,6 +,9)',6 ?,I (,)1% /-C1)&= 9()+%1 1- /)=/ '/,' '/%I &- 6-&=%( +,& ,**-(. '- 6)>% '/%(% YJC5)&A "VDWA "gcZP :/)6% K-'/ 2?)'/ ,&. JC5)& K,+5 C9 '/%)( ,&,6I1%1 O)'/ %?9)()+,6 (%1%,(+/A '/%)( ,99(-,+/ '- '/% 9(-K6%? -* =%&'()*)+,')-& ,&. '/% (-6% -* ,(' ,&. ,(')1'1 )& '/)1 9(-+%11 )1 -&% O/)+/ /,1 '/% %**%+' -* '/%-()[)&= '/% 1-+),6 9(-+%11%1 ,' O-(5 )&    g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h,>). <O) ,&. i,'/%()&% ;I,66 9CK6)1/%. #^+-&-?)+ Q?9,+'1 -* 0('1 ,&. <C6'C(,6 Q&1')'C')-&1e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    j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kC(K,& /-?%1'%,.)&=X7 Y<O) ,&. ;I,66A "VWWA ""ZP 2- 2?)'/X1 *(-&')%( ?-.%6A ,&. '/% %**%+'1 -* %+-&-?)+ (%1'(C+'C()&=A O%(% ,6(%,.I '/()>)&= )& H,6')?-(% )& '/% "VWGX1 ,99,(%&'6IP 3C('/%(A '/)1 1'C.I SC,&')*)%1 '/% >,6C% -* +C6'C(,6
Similar documents
View more...
Search Related
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks