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SULTANATE OF OMAN THE BASIC STATUTE OF THE STATE Unofficial Translation In case of any discrepancy between the Arabic and English texts of this document, the Arabic original shall prevail. 1 ROYAL DECREE NO.(101/96) Promulgating the Basic Statute of the State We Qaboos bin Said, The Sultan of Oman Affirming the principles tha
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  1 SULTANATE OF OMAN TTHHEE BB A  A SSIICC SSTT A  A TTUUTTEE OOFF TTHHEE SSTT A  A TTEE  Unofficial Translation In case of any discrepancy between the Arabic and English texts of this document, the Arabic srcinal shall prevail.  2 ROYAL DECREE NO.(101/96) Promulgating the Basic Statute of the State We Qaboos bin Said, The Sultan of Oman  Affirming the principles that guided the policies of the State in various fields during the past era; Determining to continue efforts for establishing a better future distinguished by further achievements for the benefit of the country and the citizens; Consolidating the international status that Oman enjoys and its role in establishing the foundations of peace, security, justice and co-operation among various countries and nations;  And in pursuance of the public interest; Have decreed as follows:  Article One: The Basic Statute of the State is hereby promulgated in accordance with the attached formulation.  Article Two: This Decree shall be published in the Official Gazette and shall come into force on the date of its issue. Issued on:  24 th  Jumada Al Akhira 1417 A.H. Corresponding to:  6 November, 1996 A.D. Qaboos bin Said Sultan of Oman  3 THE BASIC STATUTE OF THE STATE CHAPTER ONE The State and the System of Government  Article 1:  The Sultanate of Oman is an Arab, Islamic, independent State with full sovereignty and Muscat is its capital.  Article 2:  The State’s religion is Islam and Islamic Sharia is the basis for legislation.  Article 3:  The State’s official language is Arabic.  Article 4:  The Law determines the State’s flag, emblem, insignia and national anthem.  Article 5:  The system of governance is Sultani (Royal) and hereditary from the male descendants of Sayyid Turki bin Said bin Sultan, provided that whoever is chosen as the successor shall be a Muslim, judicious, of sound mind and the legitimate son of Omani Muslim parents.  Article 6:  The Ruling Family Council shall, within three days of the throne falling vacant, determine the successor to the throne. If the Ruling Family Council does not agree on the successor to the throne, the Defence Council shall confirm the appointment of the person designated by the former Sultan in his letter to the Ruling Family Council.  Article 7:  The Sultan, before exercising his authority, shall, in a joint session of the Council of Oman and the Defence Council, take the following oath: “I swear by Almighty Allah to respect the Basic Statute of the State and the Law and to fully safeguard the interests of the citizens and their freedom and to preserve the independence of the country and its territorial integrity”.  Article 8:  The Government shall continue to perform its functions as usual until the Sultan is selected and exercises his powers.  4  Article 9:  Rule in the Sultanate shall be based on justice, Shura (consultation/deliberation) and equality. Citizens have the right – in accordance with this Basic Statute and the conditions and provisions stipulated by Law – to participate in public affairs. CHAPTER TWO Principles Guiding State Policy  Article 10: The Political Principles : - Preserving the State's independence and sovereignty, safeguarding its entity, security and stability and defending it against all aggression. - Reinforcing ties of co-operation and reaffirming friendly relations with all countries and nations on the basis of mutual respect, common interest, non-interference in their internal affairs, adherence to the international and regional charters and treaties and generally recognised principles of international law conducive to the promotion of peace and security among countries and nations. - Laying suitable foundations for consolidating the pillars of genuine Shura emanating from the country’s heritage, values and its Islamic Sharia. Taking pride in its history and adopting the benefits of contemporary methods and instruments. - Establishing a sound administrative system that guarantees justice, tranquillity and equality for the citizens and ensures respect for public order and the preservation of the higher interests of the country.
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