Artistic relations between attic vases producers from 510 to 475 B.C. reviewed by the attribution methodology

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Artistic relations between attic vases producers from 510 to 475 B.C. reviewed by the attribution methodology
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  Mobility and Transitions in the Holocene Edited by Luiz Oosterbeek Cláudia Fidalgo BAR International Series 26582014 UNION INTERNATIONALE DES SCIENCES PRÉHISTORIQUES ET PROTOHISTORIQUESINTERNATIONAL UNION OF PREHISTORIC AND PROTOHISTORIC SCIENCESPROCEEDINGS OF THE XVI WORLD CONGRESS (FLORIANÓPOLIS, 4-10 SEPTEMBER 2011)ACTES DU XVI CONGRÈS MONDIAL (FLORIANÓPOLIS, 4-10 SEPTEMBRE 2011) VOL. 9  Published byArchaeopress Publishers of Brish Archaeological Reports Gordon House 276 Banbury Road Oxford OX2 7ED England bar@archaeopress.comwww.archaeopress.com BAR S2658 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the Internaonal Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric SciencesActes du XVI Congrès mondial de l’Union Internaonale des Sciences Préhistoriques et ProtohistoriquesSecretary of the Congress: Rossano Lopes BastosPresident of the Congress Naonal Commission: Erika Robrhan-GonzalezElected President: Jean BourgeoisElected Secretary General: Luiz OosterbeekElected Treasurer: François DjindjianSeries Editors: Luiz Oosterbeek, Erika Robrhan-Gonzalez Volume tle: Mobility and Transions in the Holocene Volume editors: Luiz Oosterbeek and Cláudia Fidalgo Mobility and Transions in the Holocene © Archaeopress and the individual authors 2014ISBN 978 1 4073 1300 9 The signed papers are the sole responsibility of their authors.Les textes signés sont de la seule responsabilité de leurs auteurs. Contacts: General Secretariat of the U.I.S.P.P. – Internaonal Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric SciencesInstuto Politécnico de Tomar, Av. Dr. Cândido Madureira 13, 2300 TOMAREmail: uispp@ipt.pt Printed in England by Informaon Press, OxfordAll BAR tles are available from:Hadrian Books Ltd122 Banbury Road OxfordOX2 7BP England www.hadrianbooks.co.uk The current BAR catalogue with details of all tles in print, prices and means of payment is available free from Hadrian Books or may be downloaded from www.archaeopress.com   81 ARTISTIC RELATIONS BETWEEN ATTIC VASES PRODUCERS FROM 510 TO 475 B.C. REVIEWED BY THE ATTRIBUTION METHODOLOGY 1   Carolina Kesser Barcellos DIAS 2   Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil MAE-USP, Apoio FAPESP Abstract :  The attribution methodology developed by John D. Beazley is configured as the crucial approach to the study of attic vases. The fundamental principle of this methodology is the recognition of individual hands through a very rigorous stylistic analysis which enables specific traits to be recognized and, finally, gathered in a way so as to assign the producer’s work, in other words, the  potter’s and/or painter’s identity. By analyzing the attic black figured vases delineated by context and chronology and attributed to individual artists, our aim is to understand how possible associations, collaborations and interactions between these artists and their workshops occurred from 510 to 475 BC. Key-words :  Classical Archaeology, Ceramology, Attribution Les rapports artistiques entre les producteurs des vases attiques pendant les années 510 et 475 av. J.-c. revisés a travers la methodologie d’attribution Resumé :  La méthodologie d’attribution développée par John D. Beazley figure comme la référence en ce qui concerne les approches d'étude des vases attiques. Le principe de base de cette méthodologie consiste à faire la distinction des mains des artistes individuels grâce à une analyse stylistique rigoureuse qui permette que les traits spécifiques soient reconnus et, enfin, regroupés de manière à  permettre la nomination de l'individu producteur, c'est-à-dire, du céramiste et/ou du peintre. Par l'analyse des vases à figures noires délimités contextuellement et chronologiquement, et attribués à des artistes nommés individuellement, nous essayerons de comprendre comment ont eus lieu les possibles associations et coopérations parmi ces artistes dans les ateliers producteurs des vases à figures noires, pendant les années 510 à 475 av. J.-C.. Mots-clés :  Archéologie Classique, Céramologie, Attribution As relações artísticas entre os produtores de vasos áticos durante os anos 510 e 475 a. C. revistas pela metodologia de atribuição Resumo :  A metodologia de atribuição desenvolvida por John D. Beazley figura como a abordagem determinante para o estudo dos vasos áticos. O princípio básico desta metodologia é a distinção de mãos de artistas individuais através de uma rigorosa análise estilística que permite que traços específicos sejam reconhecidos e, finalmente, agrupados de maneira a possibilitar a nomeação do indivíduo produtor, isto é, do ceramista e/ou do pintor. Através da análise de vasos de figuras negras delimitados contextual e cronologicamente, e atribuídos a artistas nomeados individualmente, procuraremos compreender como ocorreram as possíveis associações e a colaboração entre estes artistas nas oficinas produtoras de vasos de figuras negras, durante os anos 510 a 475 a.C. Palavras-Chave :  Arqueologia Clássica, Ceramologia, Atribuição Attribution is one of the first and an important step on the recognition of individualities but, more than that, it is a vital tool to more detailed studies about Greek art and craftwork 1  and also about the 2  relations established between their agents in this artistic environment. In this 1  Article based on the partial results of the post-doctoral research entitled “New perspectives for the attribution: the relationships between artists producers of attic black-figure vases of the Archaic period (510 to 475 B.C.)”, developed at the Museum of Archeology and Ethnology of the University of São Paulo, Brazil, between 2010 and 2012, with the support from FAPESP. Constituent communication of the Symposium “Archaeological Dialogues II” – Theoretical and Methodological Reflections 2: Culture Material (SI 07), presented at XVI World Congress of UISPP/XVI Congresso da Sociedade de Arqueologia Brasileira, 04-10 September 2011, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. 2  I kindly thank Camila Diogo de Souza, Gabriel Castanho de Godoy and Kevin Thierry Cary for the versions and revisions in the English and French language of this article. sense, the attribution methodology developed by John D. Beazley 3  became a determinant approach to the study of attic vases: its fundamental principle is the distinction of individual hands of the artists through a rigorous stylistic analysis in which the meticulous observation of the formal details aspects and decoration of the vase allow particular traits to be recognized and, finally, gathered in 3  Beazley refined the attribution methods through the practice of a systematic observation of styles and graphics of the black and red-figure vases’ decoration produced in Athens between centuries VI and IV B.C., and became responsible for the monumental work that constitutes the main source of understanding of diverse aspects of the attic ceramic production. The author published in 1956 the catalog of the painters of 10.000 black-figure vases – Attic Black-figure Vase-painters (ABV). In 1963 he published the three volumes for painters of 21.000 red-figure vases – Attic Red-figure Vase-painters (ARV) and, in 1971, the supplement – Paraliponema (Para) for red and black figures. Beazley’s lists present no less than 200 black-figure painters and almost the double of red-figure painters.
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