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American Recycler Magazine
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  According to the United States Envi-ronmental Protection Agency’s (EPA)most recent estimates, Canada exportsapproximately 4 million tons of municipalsolid waste (MSW) to the United Stateseach year while the United States exportsroughly 12,000 tons a year, primarily fromMaine to New Brunswick. “Currently, MSW is not counted andreported to EPA as it crosses the border,”said Richard Yost, press officer at the EPA.“When MSW is exported from Canadainto the United Sates it is still considerednon-hazardous. EPA does not regulate thetransportation of non-hazardous waste,” headded. By volume, MSW is Canada’s largestexport and most all of it goes to UnitedStates landfills for the simple reason it is awhole lot cheaper. That explains whymany large landfills are situated just acrossthe border from Canada’s major popula-tion centers. Most volume comes from denselypopulated southern Ontario and is truckedacross the border to nearby Michigan. In2009, the Michigan Department of Envi-ronmental Quality reported that the stateimported 8,814,076 cu. yds. of Canadianmunicipal and commercial waste into itslandfills, or about 19 percent of the state’stotal landfill volume. But this is not necessarily abad thing. Many see it as a potentiallypositive growth industry for Michigan andother states. “I believe that recycling and materialflows, are a basic building block in thereconstruction of the American economy,”says Pierre Bélanger, associate professor atHarvard’s Graduate School of Design.There he teaches graduate courses on land-scape, infrastructure and urbanism in theinterrelated fields of planning, design andengineering.Before Harvard, Bélanger was co-director of the Centre for LandscapeResearch at the University of Toronto. Hehad also worked as a project manager forCanada’s largest reforestation and bioengi-neering contractor. Bélanger is a registeredlandscape architect and urban planner, cer-tified in Canada as a surface miner and hasbeen widely published on urban infrastruc-ture and issues related to waste ecologies. Unlike most academics, Bélanger hasindustry experience and has examinedurban waste generation flows from bothsides of the border. Even compared to other states, tip-ping fees in Michigan are extremely low.Typical fees for landfill contracts in Michi-gan are on the order of $15 dollars per ton,not including transportation costs. Weighthat with recently published rates from theCity of London, Ontario, located approxi-mately 100 miles north of the border – res-idential waste from outside London’sservice area is charged at Can$150 dollarsper metric ton. “The discrepancies in prices betweendumping in Ontario and Michigan have todo with the environmental regulationswhich are so considerable on the Canadianside that it makes the costs of land fillingextremely prohibitive,” Bélangerexplained. “It’s very difficult to get a land-fill permitted in Canada. The geology iscompletely different than in Michigan,therefore infrastructure costs for buildinglandfills in Canada are much higher.”According to Bélanger, Michigan hasa thick, practically impervious layer of Devonian clay that covers almost theentire state, which is a major advantage forlandfill ecology when compared with frac-tured bedrock in southern Ontario andeastern states. “Issues surrounding the contamina-tion of groundwater in Canada are muchmore considerable as well. The period of post-landfill operations and maintenanceare completely different. For example, inMichigan you have to maintain a landfillfor a few decades, whereas in Canada theyhave to be managed in perpetuity. You canimagine what the differences in costs forlandfill operations are. It just makes moresense to drive a few hundred kilometers.”Despite the common sense of the eco-nomics, cross-border waste flow is a polit-   ecycler R   A R  ® Vol. 14 • Issue 5May 2011NewsVoice of Salvage, Waste and RecyclingAmericanRecycler.com $6.00   ecycler R          5  .        2        0        1        1 900 W. South Boundary, Bldg. 6Perrysburg, OH 43551-5235    C   H   A   N   G   E   S   E   R   V   I   C   E   R   E   Q   U   E   S   T   E   D    P   R   S   R   T   S   T   D   U .   S .   P  o  s   t  a  g  e    P   A   I   D    C  o   l  u  m   b   i  a ,   M   O   P  e  r  m   i   t   N  o .   3   5   3 Scrap Metals MarketWatchSalvaging MillionsEvents Calendar Business BriefsNew Product Showcase AR ClassifiedsFocus SectionEquipment SpotlightA Closer Look Employees sentenced for CleanWater Act felonies. Page A5Steel imports decline 16 percent inFebruary. Page A15Dominion Virginia Power to convertcoal-fired stations. Page A9Metals benefit from addition of toxicwaste. Page B1AF&PA United States paper reportsfor February 2011. Page A10Waste Management launchesinitiative to recycle needles. Page B3 WHAT’S INSIDE   ■ Focus Section Cover, Page B1 by MIKE BRESLIN mbreslin@americanrecycler.com Waste in the walls:Insulation that keepspaper out of landfills 151617181920B1B4B6 See SYNERGY, Page 4 Canada-Michigan solid waste synergy Green technology expectedto grow to $800 billion by 2012 Access to clean technology remainsthe focus for the global transition to aresource-efficient and green economy. In2009, global investments in renewableenergy power generation ($140 billion)far exceeded that of fossil-fuelled powergeneration ($110 billion). New analysis from Frost & Sullivanfinds that the global market value of tradi-tional environmental goods and services,renewable energy and emerging low-car-bon activities was estimated at $7,770 bil-lion in 2007-2008, with a growth potentialof 45.0 percent by 2015. With the rise in energy costs andescalating threat of global warming, manybusinesses are recognizing that the use of green technology will help them reducetheir carbon footprints and minimizewaste. Over the last decade, many countriesin the Asia Pacific have stepped up initia-tives to preserve the environment. Japan,South Korea and Australia are at the fore- See GREEN TECH, Page 6 Besides having an excellent highway and rail system, Michigan also has numerous commodity port facilitieswhich help to alleviate road congestion and curb emissions. PHOTO BY RPERNELL | DREAMSTIME  American RecyclerMay 2011, Page A3 CALL NOW FOR BEST PRICING!  DUMP UMP HOPPERS OPPERS PRODUCT NO.CU. YDS.CAP. LBS.L x W x HPRICE eaQUANTITY NISM100NISM200122000200063.5 x 41 x 38.569.5 x 59 x 44$564.44735.00MEDIUM DUTY DUMP HOPPERS (12 GA. STEEL / 7 GA. BASE)NISH100NISH200NISH30012340004000400063.5 x 41 x 38.569.5 x 59 x 4474 x 64 x 59.5$601.70812.611151.47   HEAVY DUTY DUMP HOPPERS (10 GA. STEEL / 7 GA. BASE)NISX100NISX200NISX300NISX400NISX500123456000600050004000400063.5 x 41 x 38.569.5 x 59 x 4474 x 64 x 59.574 x 84 x 59.574 x 100 x 59.5$687.13944.091361.991599.491700.50EXTRA HEAVY DUTY DUMP HOPPERS (7 GA. STEEL / 7 GA. BASE) PRICES SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY VARY AT TIMEOF PURCHASE DUE TO THE FLUCTUATING STEEL MARKET. 800-757-1064 www.NISProducts.com PHONE/FAX: NAMESHIPPING ZIP CODEPHONEE-MAILCOMPANY • All Electric (No Hydraulics)• 56,050 lbs. Compaction Force• Quick Disconnect Plug• Sealed Processing Chamber• Liquid Direct Flow to Container• Accepts Standard Pallets• 50% Less Energy Consumption than Ram Compactors CLEAN    &   GREEN!  The Auger Pak Self-Contained Compactor Eliminates: • Hydraulics• Oily Messes• Leaky Hose Connections• Heath Department Violations• Smelly Unsanitary Ram Compartment Build Up On April 2, 2011, Greenstar Recy-cling and Keep Houston Beautifulhelped clean and landscape a neglectedarea in Acres Homes, a neighborhood just north of downtown Houston. Thisproject is part of the national “Adopt aDitch” program. The overall scope of this nationally acclaimed project is toraise the quality of life by keepingditches free of litter and debris whileimproving the storm water and trans-forming the area into a cleaner, moreenvironmentally pleasant place.“We are proud to support the beau-tification of Houston,” said Matt Del-nick, Greenstar CEO. “Our Greenstarvolunteers worked alongside 100-150other members of the local communityto clean up an area that was used as anillegal dumping ground in the past.We’re working together to transform thispolluted ditch into a place of pride forlocal residents.”One of Greenstar’s newest partners,the Houston Dynamo, also raised theirhands to support the initiative. The back-ing from both Greenstar and theDynamo together gave strength for KeepHouston Beautiful to move forward withthe project as an additional site for theannual Keep Houston Beautiful Day. The City of Houston’s Departmentof Public Works and Engineering Right-of-Way and Fleet Maintenance Divisionare also behind this effort in landscap-ing two ditch sections, which includetree planting along the edge, installationof yellow flag irises in the ditch, andinstallation of bollards to help preventillegal dumping and parking. Volunteerscleaning the ditches placed all recy-clables in Greenstar’s purple recyclingcarts.Professional landscape architectKeiji Asakura of Asakura RobinsonCompany LLC, provided direction andguidance to ensure the program’s suc-cess. Drought tolerant plants native toTexas temperatures were used, reducingthe need for frequent watering. Treesdonated by Home Depot and irises fromTreeSearch Farms were also planted.Keep Houston Beautiful has held anannual cleanup day in partnership withthe Mayor of Houston and City Councilfor 30 consecutive years. Adopt-A-Ditchis an expansion of the successful Adopt-A-Block program that is a partnershipbetween the City of Houston, KeepHouston Beautiful, local merchants, vol-unteers, and residents. Greenstar and Keep Houston Beautiful clean up RailAmerica reports February2011 monthly carloads RailAmerica, Inc. reported that itstotal freight carloads for the monthended February 28, 2011 were 63,347,down 5.5 percent from 67,041 in Febru-ary 2010. The company had decreasedshipments in February 2011 in 9 out of 12 commodity groups compared to Feb-ruary 2010. Carloads were negatively impacted byweather, which resulted in temporary dis-ruptions of service at certain railroads. Coal declined primarily due to ship-ments in the Central United States. Agri-cultural product shipments were downprimarily due to lower shipments in theMidwest and Northeast regions. The largest increases were in pulp,paper and allied products and chemicalsprimarily due to shipments in the South-east and Central regions, and chemicalcarloads were higher due to increases inthe Northeast and Southeast regions. Product companies to eliminatefour billion pounds of packaging The Grocery Manufacturers Associa-tion (GMA) announced the results of research indicating that food, beverage andconsumer product manufacturers antici-pate eliminating 4 billion pounds of pack-aging waste from 2005 to 2020. Over 1.5billion pounds have already been avoidedsince 2005, and another 2.5 billion poundsare expected to be avoided by 2020. Thefour billion pounds represents a 19 percentreduction of reporting companies’ totalaverage United States packaging weight.The 1.5 billion pounds of packagingavoided since 2005 includes more than800 million pounds of plastic and morethan 500 million pounds of paper. Packag-ing improvements have spanned mostproduct categories, with no single categorydominating. Companies reported that theyachieved the 2005 to 2010 reductionsthrough the success of more than 180 dis-tinct improvement initiatives that includedpackage redesigns and increased use of recyclable inputs.  American RecyclerPage A4, May 2011 American Recycler is published 12 times per year, postage paid at Columbia, Missouri.SUBSCRIPTIONS: Call our offices at 877-777-0737 or visit www.AmericanRecycler.com. US 1 year $48; 2 years $72. © COPYRIGHT 2010 by American Recycler. All rights are strictly reserved and reproduction in whole or in part is prohibited without prior written permission from the publisher.Submission of articles, artwork and all photography must be accompa-nied by a self-addressed stamped envelope if a return of materials is wanted. Byline contributors’ views should not be construed as repre-senting the opinion of the publisher.American Recycler reserves the right to edit any and all material submitted for publication. All Letters to the Editor must be signed and include a telephone number for verification. The editor of this publi-cation does not accept responsibility for statements made by advertisers herein. PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPERPublisher and EditorESTHER G. FOURNIER esther@AmericanRecycler.comnews@AmericanRecycler.com Production and LayoutMARY E. HILL mary@AmericanRecycler.com Editorial Focus Section Editor, Production and LayoutDAVID FOURNIER, JR. david@AmericanRecycler.com Marketing RepresentativesMARY M. COX maryc@AmericanRecycler.com MARY E. HILL mary@AmericanRecycler.com Circulation ManagerDONNA L. MCMANUS donna@AmericanRecycler.com Writers and ContributorsMIKE BRESLIN mbreslin@AmericanRecycler.com DONNA CURRIE dcurrie@AmericanRecycler.com RON STURGEON rons@rdsinvestments.com Production Offices 900 W South Boundary, Bldg 6Perrysburg, OH 43551-5235877-777-0737 fax 419-931-0740www.AmericanRecycler.com 877-777-0737 Fax 419-931-0740 ical hot potato on both sides of the border,driven largely by the environmental move-ment and reactionary politicians. At the same time, cities and statesacross North America are faced with everhigher landfill expenses and regulatoryhurdles to establish new sites.The City of Toronto, for example,ended its waste disposal contract with theCarlton Farms Landfill in Michigan oper-ated by Republic Services at the end of 2010. For decades, Toronto had been ship-ping roughly one million tons per year tolandfills in Michigan. “Toronto was being criticized by itsown residents and by the United States,”said Bélanger. “There was a lot of discus-sion in Michigan in terms of its own envi-ronment and economy and whether or notthe reliance on import of solid waste fromCanada is really a legitimate source of rev-enue. I think on a political level there isdecreased support for this flow on bothsides of the border, but from a landfilloperator and industrial perspective, itmakes almost perfect sense.”As of January 1, all of Toronto’swaste requiring landfill disposal goes totheir city-owned Green Lane Landfillsouthwest of the City of London, approxi-mately 125 miles from downtown Toronto.The 320 acre landfill is expected to ingestapproximately 800,000 tons during 2011.If Toronto can meet its ambitious 70 per-cent recycling recovery rate, the site’s lifeexpectancy is projected to 2033. In 2009,Toronto diverted 44 percent of residentialwaste from landfill, eliminating 363,891tons. Mark Watson, area president forRepublic Services in Michigan, indicatedthat Toronto’s halt in exports affected Car-leton Farms Landfill. “Private industrial-commercial-institutional waste haulerscontinue to take advantage of Michigan’scompetitive landfill assets. Carleton Farmshas taken the appropriate actions to reducecosts consistent with the loss of volumeincluding a one-third work force reductionat the site. Carleton Farms produces enoughelectricity for a city of 30,000 people. Theloss of municipal waste will have a nega-tive impact on gas production. Furtherimpact from the loss of the Toronto con-tract resulted in a reduction of local,county, and state revenues from host feesand taxes totaling upwards of $1 millionwith Sumpter Township also initiating lay-offs. These were good, high paying Michi-gan jobs. The State of Michigan is tryingto raise fees on all waste disposals, includ-ing Michigan trash, due to their loss of revenue from out of state waste.”Most enlightened jurisdictions in theUnited States and Canada have imple-mented various recovery and recyclingprograms. Besides reducing volume andextending landfill life, these programs cre-ate revenue from recycled commodities tohelp offset municipal disposal costs. Somecities in Canada are among the most pro-gressive recyclers in the world. Nevertheless, even with decreasingvolume and with the number of NorthAmerican landfills shrinking tremendouslyover the past 20 years, and despite the bestconservation and recycling programs,landfills will most likely be needed for-ever.According to EPA, the number of landfills in the United States shrunk from7,924 in 1988 to 1,908 in 2009. It seemslogical that if landfills must exist, eventhough in smaller numbers, ideally theyshould be centrally located near densepopulation centers in areas that are bestgeologically-suited to the purpose. “This lends tremendous possibilitiestoward an understanding how the state of Michigan could actually reposition itself and provide itself with a new image of innovation related to waste ecology andthe recycling of material flows. Wastemanagement corporations should be spon-soring forward-looking visions,” Bélangersuggested. He may have a valid point when look-ing at Michigan’s current economic situa-tion. Unemployment in January was 10.7percent, among the highest states in thecountry and well above the national aver-age of 9 percent. In late March, GovernorRick Snyder announced that Michiganwould become the first state to cut unem-ployment benefits from 26 to 20 weeks tohelp reduce the tax burden on businesses. Compounding that, Michigan was thebiggest loser in the 2010 census, a 0.6 per-cent loss in population over 10 years.Puerto Rico, a United States territory, wasthe only other population drop. All otherterritories and states had populationgrowth and overall national populationgrowth was 9.7 percent over 10 years. The loss of automotive related indus-try and other manufacturing from Michi-gan is cited as the primary cause for thedecline. Detroit’s population dropped 25percent over the past 10 years to its lowestlevel in 100 years. Obviously, Michigan needs economicstimulation in the form of new industriesthat can support good paying jobs. “It’s amatter of waste ecology and waste eco-nomics. What is beginning to alter thescene is an understanding that waste itself is both a commodity and a resource. Whilethat may sound simple and basic, it’s atremendous change from what we’ve beendoing for the past hundred years,” saidBélanger.What Bélanger suggests as a potentialsolution to Michigan’s economic woes andCanada’s demand for cost-efficient wasteecology is logical when seen objectivelywithout international posturing. C a l l   N  o  w  ! ESA Fully EnclosedHydraulic Magnets24v DC BatteryOperated Magnet Mobile HydraulicShears from 1 to 10 tons. Gen-sets Diesel or hydraulic gen-sets from 5 to 20 kW. www.MoleyMagneticsInc.com 716-751-6565 or cell 716-417-2591 ConventionalDC Magnets 30” to 72”   c Shopping for equipment!? TITANIUM SHEARSMAGNETSGEN-SETS Trustfor quality! See SYNERGY, Page 8 Synergy ■ Continued from Page 1 Invaluable Gifts are Hard to Find Purchase a gift subscription for someone special today. 877-777-0737www.AmericanRecycler.com  A  R   American RecyclerMay 2011, Page A5 Employees sentenced forClean Water Act felonies Three officials of Ecological Sys-tems, Inc. (ESI), an oil reclamation com-pany that operated a centralized wastetreatment facility in Indianapolis, Indi-ana, were sentenced in United StatesDistrict Court, Southern District of Indi-ana for felony violations of the CleanWater Act. The prosecution stemmedfrom ESI’s intentional discharges of untreated wastewater and stormwaterfrom its facility directly into the Indi-anapolis sewer system. Joe Biggio, ESI’s former operationsmanager and executive vice president,was sentenced to 3 years probation, a$15,000 fine, and community service,after having previously pled guilty totwo counts of CWA criminal violationsand one violation of the federal falsestatements statute, 18 U.S.C. 1001. Big-gio’s community service requires him tolecture graduate students seekingdegrees in business management regard-ing his case and criminal conviction. Mike Milem, former operationsmanager, was sentenced to 6 monthshome detention, 3 years probation, a$5,000 fine and community service,after he previously pled guilty to onecriminal violation of the CWA. Similarlyto Biggio, Milem’s community servicerequires him to lecture students in Indi-ana colleges regarding his case andcriminal conviction. Mark Snow, former lab manager of ESI, was sentenced to 3 years probation,a $5,000 fine and 8 hours of communityservice per month during the duration of probation, after he also pled guilty toone criminal CWA violation. In addition, all three defendants areprohibited from applying for any envi-ronmental license or employment in theenvironmental field without disclosingtheir felony convictions to any suchlicensing board or prospective employer. The investigation began after theIndiana Department of EnvironmentalManagement received complaints fromseveral Indianapolis homeowners thatthick, oily wastewater was flowing intotheir yards from sewer manholes after aheavy rainfall on February 11, 2009. ESIwas required to have sufficient storagecapacity to handle wastewater from thistype of wet weather event, but it did not.In order to deal with the excesswastewater, Milem and Snow decided todirectly discharge untreated oily waste-water into the Indianapolis sewer systemby pumping wastewater through hosesthat bypassed ESI’s treatment processes.As a result, the wastewater received notreatment, and was discharged into thesewer system leading to the City of Indi-anapolis’ wastewater treatment plant.The discharge continued for approxi-mately 8 hours and resulted in a dis-charge of approximately 300,000 gallonsof untreated wastewater. In the hoursafter this discharge, the oily sludge-likewaste emerged from several sewer man-holes downstream of the ESI facility,contaminating residential properties. The subsequent investigationrevealed that ESI had not been ade-quately treating the waste it took fromcustomers for reclamation for a signifi-cant period of time, in part because See FELONIES, Page 6
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