43399419 a Project on Port Industry | Logistics | Port

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Chapter 1: Brief Introduction of Port industry Ports connect us to the world. Goods we touch every day travel to and from one of hundreds of deep draft ports that accommodate ocean-going vessels. They are located in coastal areas, as well as on the Great Lakes and on inland river systems. Ports are busy, dynamic transportation hubs that are constantly adapting to meet the demands of global trade. Ports are the nexus of business transactions for imported and exported goods. We depend on ports to
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  Chapter 1: Brief Introduction of Port industry Ports connect us to the world. Goods we touch every day travel to and from one of hundredsof deep draft ports that accommodate ocean-going vessels. They are located in coastal areas,as well as on the Great Lakes and on inland river systems.Ports are busy, dynamic transportation hubs that are constantly adapting to meet the demandsof global trade. Ports are the nexus of business transactions for imported and exported goods.We depend on ports to increase international trade, to strengthen local and national economies,to provide higher paying jobs, and to increase our standards of living. Trade creates newopportunities for citizens in every country.By virtue of their location, ports also serve as environmental stewards of our coastlines. Portsspend millions of dollars each year to minimize the impacts of port operations anddevelopment of their surrounding communities and natural resources.Ports play another critical role in our communities as well. They serve as local economicengines, generating jobs and opportunities that allow businesses to flourish. GUJARAT TOWARDS A WORLD CLASS INFRASTRUCTURE: India is a land of enormous opportunities and it is the second fastest growing major economyof the world. From being a largely agrarian economy, it has emerged as one of the leadingindustrial countries.Maritime transport is a critical infrastructure for the social and economic development of acountry. It influences the pace, structure and pattern of development. India too hasconsciously built a port linked infrastructure over the last several decades thanks to successive proactive governments and sharp business acumen of entrepreneurs.Maritime transport and maritime industry is and has always been a vital part of India.Peninsular India is blessed with a total 5700 kms of coastline. And more than 150 ports. Indiais a natural gateway. Its long coastline gives it a natural and favorable advantage to play host1  to foreign trade considering its location and connectivity. It is also near maritime outlet toMiddle East, Africa and Europe. Situated on the western coast of India is Gujarat, thecountry’s principal maritime state. It is endowed with the longest coastline of 1600 kms. Ithas strategically located 41 large and small ports. Of which one is a major port, 11 areintermediate and there are 29 minor ports. Each of its port location has a lot of opportunities tooffer. Earlier this state was famous in the western world as the mistress of the sea. India hassix major ports on the west coast. Kandla is one of them. This port is heading towards major expansion. The country’s first pvt sector ports pipavav and Mundra are already in operations.Mundra is the largest pvt port in India, capable of handling more than 100 million tones of  bulk, liquid or containerized cargo. Pipavav is the country’s first port in the pvt sector to beoperated by APm terminals. It is the ideal location for a direct berthing port facility. Dahejoffers fascilities of a chemical port terminal- the only one of the country. These ports handle alot of port traffic in the country and also millions of tones of cargo. More than 90% of thecountry’s foreign trade by vol. And 70% by value are handled by the Indian ports. Of these, at present the Gujarat ports handle a major chunk of the cargo throught the country. The portstarget a gross capacity of 100 million tones, cornering 25% of the cargo and handling 80% of the port traffic in the country. Gujarat also has the maximum nos. of pvt, ports in the country,which handle 75% of the country’s pvt port cargo. By 2015 it is estimated that Gujarat’s portswill handle 400 million tones i.e., 39% of the total national cargo.The state govts have been developing policy frameworks. Several states have made significant progress by setting up maritime boards and establishing guidelines for developing pvt ports.Specific projects for pvtn, vis container terminals, outer harbors, captives jetties etc.. have beenidentified.Gujarat’s planning includes ports laid development strategy. Gujarat is the first state toannounce a separate port policy. This policy integrates the development of ports withindustrial development, power generation and infrastructure development. Under the port policy ten new ports at new green field locations are proposed to be developed. At present pvt jetties are operational at 8 locations while 3 more are under construction.2  The BOOT policy for the ports as been announced. It maximizes flexibility with tariff freedom. The BOOT law has been framed to invite pvt sector participation throughinternational competitive biding. The port policy includes developing and upgrading portfacilities, providing port facilities to promote export oriented and port based industries,encouraging ship building, ship repairing and manufacturing facilities for cranes, dredgers andfloating crafts. It also includes promoting coastal shipping for passengers and cargo traffic between various locations within and outside the state. Attracting pvt sector investments inminor and intermediate ports as also at the new port locations is incorporated in the policy.And this sector offers opportunities not only for the direct investments but also in ancillaryactivities. Considerable pvt investment has started flowing in to the Indian port sector. Inaddition, the policy aims at decongesting the over burden on the existing ports through efficientfascilities and services to support domestic and international trade.Ports and SEZs go hand in hand. Good quality ports lead to the development of infrastructureof which SEZ’s are important and integral part. SEZ s are the future growth engines. TheseSEZs are associated with near by ports. Being only minutes away from each other, some of these SEZs can virtually said to be extensions of the ports. SEZs functions well only with proper ports and hinterland connectivity. India is the perfect destination for ports and with thelarge no of ports that Gujarat has, it offers the perfect platform for SEZs , for here SEZs canimport and export products on a large scale.This holds true the other way around also. With the advent of SEZs and SEZs policy , it isexpected that ports would form an integral part and also be an avenue for sizeable developmentof this sector.In close proximity to SEZs and ports is shipping. Shipping is a very important sector for thegrowth of any economy. India is among top 20 maritime nations in the world and its greateststrength as a maritime nation is its ship breaking facilities and very high quality maritime man power.Gujarat’s along is one of the largest ship breaking yards in the world. A major ship buildingyard is to be developed at Hazira.3  Indian shipping is on a new wave. The past year and a half for the Indian companies can becharacterized as a big ticket purchases. It was a booming market that prompted Indian shipowners to go on acquisition spree. The shipping sector is witnessing tremendous upsurge witha high requirement for additional capacities. The government too has modified variousregulations which have provided a further impetus to the industry. The entire pattern of cargotraffic has changed. New trends have begun to show up in the pattern of movement cargo.Logistics plays a vital role and encompasses all the three sectors – shipping, ports, and SEZsfor the success of these three sectors good logistical support is very necessary. The Gulf of Khambat provides navigational safety and logistical advantage. With companies looking tooutsource their services, the market for logistic service providers is expanding. Those groupsdealing with logistics provide a range of logistic solutions while on the other hand shippingagents and vessel operators are always in need for various operational services. This playersneed to interface with each other and comply with the requirements.On these building blocks, it is indeed true, in today’s time and ages that either one ships up or ships out. And this will be a welcome move whose time has come. Steering amidst profitablewaters for the shipping industry sky is the limit. With the country’s vibrant port laid economyand a rich maritime history, the country had progressed fast and even now is well on its way tofurther development.4
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